History of King Rama VI
HM King Mongkut
A Paraphrased Version of the Thai Poem
King Rama VI led the country with momentous achievement. He was a renowned philosopher. His contribution was commemorated by all the people. He founded the Boy Scout club for the sake of Thai children. He expressed his benevolence through administration and constructed a miniature city of Dusit Thani, in which a democratic system was applied as a model for subsequent political reforms. King Rama VI introduced an initiative to uplift Thai legal standard through his support of Thai barristers. Thai Bar Association was established upon his merit to cultivate professional practice and systematic study of law. His contribution can also be witnessed in an arrangement of Legal Study Council (Sapa Nitisuksa). Law schools were organized and aligned with an acceptable standard. Thai lawyers were impressed and grateful for his ability and devotion to the country. November 25 of every year is the day for King Rama VI commemoration. King Rama VI will remain in the heart of all Thai barristers.
May it please your Majesty.
Thai Bar Association under the Royal Patronage
Prof. Wicha Mahakhun, a composer
History of King Rama VI
HM King Mongkut is the sixth king in the Chakri Dynasty. Born at 8.55 am on Saturday, the second waxing moon of the second month according to the traditional calendar, the year of snake, Minor Era 1242 (January 1, B.E. 2423), he was the 24th son of King Rama V and the 2nd son of HM Queen Saovabha Phongsri with the granted name of HRH Prince Vajiravudh. His father and mother called him “Look Toh” (the elder son). At the age of 8 in B.E. 2431, he was promoted to be of HRH Prince Vajiravudh Krom Khun Thep Dvaravati with the name of HRH Prince Vajiravudh Akeakkamahaburusboromnaratirat Chulalongkornnartratchavaroros Mahasommutkuttiyapisut Borommakutsuriyasuntatiwong Adisaipongvaropatosuchart Khunsangkasvimolrat Taruekachonsawasdikhattiyarachakuman Musiknam appearing on the gold plate (Phra Supannabut). He had 50,000 rai of land in possession (Sakdina rank) like other promoted princes according to the royal ordinance. His royal ranking was second only to HRH Crown Prince Maha Vajirunahisa. He attended the Sokun ceremony (the hair-shaving ceremony) in December, B.E 2435.
In B.E. 2447, he was ordained as a Buddhist monk at Wat Phra Kaew ordination hall following the traditional royal customs and residing at Wat Bovornniwet during a Buddhist lent period. He was named “Vajiravudho” by Supreme Patriarch Somdet Phra Maha Samanachao Kromphraya Vajirayanavarorasa, a preceptor.
As soon as King Rama V passed away on October, 23 B.E. 2453, HRH Crown Prince Vajiravudh, as a successor, ascended to the throne at 0.45 am with a full official name of Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramentharamaha Vajiravudh Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua. There were 2 coronation ceremonies: kingdom coronation and King Rama VI coronation taking place on November 11 and 20, B.E. 2454 respectively.
15 years after, King Rama VI suffered from digestive disorder. It was announced in the royal gazette that the king suffered from intra-abdominal infection from November 12, B.E. 2468 and passed away on Jakkapatpiman throne at 1.55 am on November 26, B.E. 2468 at the age of 46 ruling the land for 15 years.
He died in fact early at 1.55 am on November 26, B.E. 2468. The king yet decided to uphold the date of November 25 as King Rama VI’s death anniversary commemoration, while November 26 was set as the date of King Rama VII’s coronation. Therefore, November 25 and 26 of every year were officially established as King Rama VI’s Memorial Day and coronation day respectively.